MANGO Mangifera indica L
Mango is known as “The King of Fruits.” Bursting with protective nutrients, every part of the mango is beneficial to the human body. The bark, leaves, skin and pit have been concocted into various types of treatments or preventatives throughout the centuries. The flesh of a mango is peachlike and juicy, with more or less numerous fibers radiating from the husk of the single large kidney-shaped seed. It contains sugar and significant amounts of vitamins A, B and C.
Many legends and myths are linked to the mango tree throughout the globe. In Sri Lanka a mango tree is considered a blessing to the house. In the Hindu culture hanging fresh mango leaves outside the front door during Hindu New Year and Deepavali
Mangosteen- Queen of Fruits Garcinia mangostana
Mangosteen is called “The Queen of Fruits.” Mangosteen is usually eaten fresh. The fruit has a thick, purplish, brown leathery, shell-like exterior. There are four large green sepals around the stem. Contained inside the rind is the juicy, soft, snow white pulp divided into five or six more segments. The white, moist, soft and juicy flesh is sweet and aromatic, has high sugar content, but is low in vitamins and minerals.
This tropical fruit offers the single highest source of Xanthones (antioxidants) ever discovered. Some medical researchers predict mangosteen as “the fruit of the future,” as Xanthone findings on cancer cells can be found in the mangosteen. This makes it an important fruit in the medical industry.
The somewhat hair-like covering is responsible for the common name of the fruit, which is based on the Malay word "rambut", meaning "hair." Rambuttan is a hit with many, because of its color, shape, and flavor. It is filled with Vitamin C.
The tamarind, tamarinds indica, is a sweet and sour fruit with unlimited curative properties. Virtually in any open air market in Sri Lanka you are likely to hear vendors shouting “Siyambala, rasai,” which means “tamarind is tasty".
In Sri Lanka villagers believe that if a tamarind tree is felled the earth Gods will bring illness upon the household. Therefore the tamarind tree is considered sacred and is a harbinger of goodness to household dwellers.
The medicinal uses of the tamarind are uncountable. It is widely used in Ayurveda. Tamarind is considered a mild laxative and digestive. There are many decoctions in which tamarind is used as the basic ingredient, especially for the cure of constipation and diarrhea. The pulp is used to treat bronchial disorders. Gargling with tamarind water is recommended for sore throats. It is an antiseptic, used in eye baths.